Kirkandrews Moat Quarter
Township in Kirkandrews-on-Esk parish, Eskdale ward, Cumberland. Combined with Kirkandrews Middle and Kirkandrews Nether to form Kirkandrews CP 1934.
1,701 acres [688 ha]. Population: rising from 291 in 1801 to 300 in 1821, then declining trend (apart from surge in 1850s from 199 in 1851 to 376 in 1861) to stand at 136 by 1931 (last census year for which separate figure available).
Liddel Strength was caput of barony of Liddel (later termed manor of Esk) granted to Turgis Brundos c.1100; granted to Nicholas de Stuteville (d. c.1206) and passed by marriage of Joan de Stuteville (d. 1276) and Hugh Wake to Wake family. On death of Thomas Wake (d. 1349), passed to his sister Margaret, wife of Edmund Plantagenet; their daughter Joan married the Black Prince, bringing barony to Crown. Sold by James I to earl of Cumberland 1603 and 1610; purchased 1628 by Sir Richard Graham and descended through Grahams of Netherby to 21st century. They extended Netherby Hall in mid-18th century and again in 1830s.
predominantly agricultural; red freestone quarry at High Moat worked by Herbertsons Ltd of Galashiels from 1868; closed mid-20th century. Tile-making in 19th century.
Places of worship:
Schools and other institutions:
schoolmaster by 1829; new school built 1869; closed 1946 and became Moat village hall.