Religious History

Detailed accounts of all the monastic houses in the former counties of Cumberland and Lancashire appeared in the introductory volumes of the original Victoria County Histories of the two counties, published in 1905 and 1908 respectively.  These can be accessed below.  No volume for Westmorland was published.

Houses of Austin Canons: The Priory of Carlisle 

Houses of Austin canons: The priory of Lanercost

Houses of Austin canons: The priory of Cartmel

Houses of Austin canons: The priory of Conishead

Houses of Cistercian monks: The abbey of Holmcultram

Houses of Cistercian monks: The abbey of Calder

Houses of Benedictine monks: The priory of St Bees

Houses of Benedictine monks: The priory of Wetheral

Houses of Benedictine nuns: The nunnery of Armathwaite

Houses of Benedictine nuns: The nunnery of Seton or Lekeley

The friaries: Carlisle, Penrith and Appleby

Hospitals: St Nicholas, Carlisle

Hospitals: St Sepulchre, Carlisle

Hospitals: Wigton, Bewcastle, Caldbeck and Keswick

Colleges: Greystoke

Colleges: Kirkoswald

Monks: Dacre Abbey
founded before 731;destroyed c.875 by Vikings; refounded before 926; Parish Church of St Andrew built to the south of the site.

An article in Wikipedia gives a schedule of places, including possible sites in Westmoreland with some elements of their history and with extensive source references.

Gilbertine Canons: Ravenstonedale Priory
founded before c.1200;dissolved 1539(?); Parish Church of St Oswald built immediately to the south of the site

Premonstratensian Canons: Shap Abbey
daughter of Cockersand;(community founded at Preston Patrick before 1192(?)); transferred 1201 (1199), built (during the reign of Henry II) by Thomas Fitz Gospatrick; dissolved 1540; granted to Thomas Lord Wharton 1544/5


 

Below appear some further links to other papers relevant to the Religious History of the County